ACTA Apicola Brasilica 2021-12-22T16:42:28-03:00 Patricio Borges Maracaja Open Journal Systems <p>A Revista ACTA Apicola Brasilica (ISSN 2358-2375), periódico do Grupo Verde de Agroecologia e Abelhas (GVAA) é editada de forma contínua, no formato&nbsp;eletrônico, destinando-se à divulgação&nbsp;de trabalhos científicos originais e inéditos, elaborados em português, inglês ou espanhol. Com auxílio de pareceres de consultores através da prática&nbsp;da "avaliação por pareceres ad hoc". A ACTA Apicola Brasilica iniciou no ano de 2013 na versão digital de acesso livre com escopo voltado para pesquisas com abelhas.&nbsp;</p> Beekeeping activity in the municipality of Remanso (Bahia State, Brazil): Socioeconomic, productive and market aspects 2021-06-12T11:13:57-03:00 Géssica Andrade Paim Yan Souza Lima Rebert Coelho Correia Eva Monica Sarmento da Silva The present study aimed to describe the socioeconomic, productive and market aspects of beekeepers in Remanso (Bahia State, Brazil), as well as to analyze the influence of extension technical assistance on beekeeping productivity in the region. The study was carried out in the municipality of Remanso, due to its location in the region where beekeeping is widespread among small family farmers. The interviews were conducted with fourteen beekeepers, using semi-structured questionnaires. It was observed that the majority of beekeepers are male and are experienced in beekeeping. Beekeeping in the region is still carried out on a secondary basis, simultaneously with other agricultural and livestock activities. Most beekeepers are part of cooperatives and associations, so that there is better facilitation in the processing and sale of the honey produced. Beekeepers have been receiving training from extension activities, contributing to the expansion and growth in honey productivity per hive. In addition, the region's apicultural flora favors activity in the municipality, as well as an increase in the income of beekeepers, in addition to ecological benefits, due to the pollination of local flora carried out by honey bees. 2021-02-11T13:43:47-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Géssica Andrade Paim et al. Spatial distribution of apiaries in the municipality of Ribeira do Pombal, Bahia, Brazil: Implications for honey production 2021-12-22T16:42:28-03:00 Dráuzio Correia Gama Favízia Freitas de Oliveira Janisson Batista de Jesus <p>The number of beehives installed per apiary should take into account the potential of bee pasture, the existence of nearby apiaries and ease of management. The study aimed to analyze the spatial distribution of apiaries in the municipality of Ribeira do Pombal, State of Bahia, Brazil, in order to estimate the production of honey per apiary based on the relationship between the number of hives established and the distance between apiaries. For the analysis of spacing, a image of the municipality was acquired by the Landsat-8 satellite and the location points of the georeferenced apiaries. The apiaries were grouped into Classes according to the number of hives: &lt;25 hives.apiary-1 (I), 25-30 (II) and&gt; 30 hives.apiary-1 (III). The apiaries were projected on a map with 1,500 m buffer corresponding to the radius of action of the bees’ flight. A total of 7,198 hives were computed in 290 apiaries distributed in classes: I (47.58%), II (23.45%) and III (28.96%). There were 4.14% apiaries without overlap; and class I apiaries (97%) showed greater overlap. We recommend zoning the beekeeping potential and planning the distribution of apiaries in order to meet the carrying capacity, logistical optimization and for higher productive yield.</p> 2021-12-16T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dráuzio Correia Gama et al. Meliponiculture in agroforestry systems in Belterra, Pará, Brazil 2021-11-03T10:16:32-03:00 Ana Paula Silva Viana Daniela Pauletto João Ricardo Vasconcellos Gama Adcléia Pereira Pires Hierro Hassler Freitas Aline Pacheco <p>In this study we characterized the honey production in agroforestry systems and inventing the species visited by stingless bees in the region of Belterra, Pará. We used a questionnaire applied to honey producers with questions that addressed socioeconomic conditions and the production of stingless bees, as well the plant species visited by bees. Fifteen percent of bee breeders have meliponiculture as their main economic activity and 54% live of 1 or 2 minimum wages. The time in meliponiculture activity ranges from 2 to over 40 years. According to the interviewees, they dedicate themselves to meliponiculture due to their affinity with the activity and their awareness of the environmental importance of the bees. The greatest obstacles cited was the deforestation and the use of pesticides, which, according to them, implies a reduction in the production of honey, the main product sold. The agroforestry systems (SAFs) where the meliponaries are inserted present, according to the interviewees, 38 forest species distributed in 21 botanical families. Fruit species predominated, characteristics of primary and secondary forest, indicating potential for introduction into agroforestry yards or other intercropped systems, minimizing the costs of implanting and maintaining meliponaries.</p> 2021-02-10T15:10:11-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ana Paula da Silva Viana et al. Foraging behaviour of Apis mellifera L. in Azadirachta indica A. Juss. in the semi-arid region, Piaui, Brazil 2021-06-12T11:13:57-03:00 Orlaneide da Silva Brito Juliana do Nascimento Bendini Maria Carolina Abreu The aim of this study was to evaluate the foraging behavior of Africanized bees on flowers of Neem trees in the municipality of Picos, Piauí, Brazil. Therefore, in the period from February to December 2016, during three consecutive days of each month, an evaluation of the bee foraging activity was carried out in 10 neem trees in flowering. This assessment was performed by taking notes from 7 am to 1 pm, every 2 hours, for 5 minutes, on each tree: i. the number of Africanized visiting bees, ii. the resource (s) collected, iii. the presence of other visitors and iv. aspects of floral biology (anthesis, stigma and odor receptivity). As a result, it was found that the Neem trees, in the climatic conditions of the municipality of Picos, bloom and bear fruit all year round. This tree has artifices to attract its floral visitors, such as the release of intense odor and the availability of abundant pollen during the observation period. During the rainy season in the region, the number of visiting bees (36) was much lower than the dry season (282). These insects continued to visit the Neem flowers during the evaluated period, with a peak of visitation at the first observation time (7 am to 8 am), with pollen being the main collected resource. It was concluded that Africanized bees visit Neem flowers to collect floral resources (pollen), which can make up the colonies' diet mainly during the period of shortage of flowers in the field. 2021-03-03T14:11:44-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Orlaneide da Silva Brito et al. Social behavior between Apis mellifera and Tetragonisca angustula bees 2021-07-11T20:19:26-03:00 Marcus Vinicius Sandoval Paixão Eduardo Antonio Ferreira Polyana Pulcheira Paixão Gustavo Miranda Cremonini Rafaela Barreto Cazaroto Grobério <p>Bees are insects of great use to man, live in harmony with nature and are the main pollinators of floral species, being the main responsible for the production of food on the planet. The species Apis mellifera L. and Tetragonisca angustula (Latreille, 1811) have production capacity that can be commercialized, but created in different ways, with their own hives developed for each species. Due to this fact, there was an interest in researching whether these species of similar social lives could live harmoniously in the same hive. The research was carried out with the objective of evaluating the social life among A. mellifera and T. angustula bees. The experiment used ten hives of A. mellifera with an estimated population of approximately 20,000 bees, with a nest and a hedgehog with an excluding screen. Five frames were removed from the melgueira and a swarm of Jataí bees (T. angustula) was introduced into the frame space with a population assessment of approximately 1,000 bees. Six months after the preparation of the hives, the sociability between the studied species and the evolution of the prepared swarms were evaluated, considering the amount of food stored, the estimated number of bees and the space reserved for each swarm. The data extracted from the research show that the bees A. mellifera and T. angustula can live harmoniously in the same space, without interference between the swarms.</p> 2021-05-23T11:41:52-03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Marcus Vinicius Sandoval Paixão et al.