Carrot seeds vigor on plant performance and crop yield

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18378/rvads.v16i1.8291

Keywords:

Daucus carota L., Germination, Productivity, Quality

Abstract

Rapid emergence and uniform seedling growth are essential attributes in the production of vegetables such as carrots, whose sowing is direct in the field. The experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of carrot seed vigor on seedling emergence, plant development, and yield. Four seed lots of carrot, cv. Brasília were characterized for their physiological potential by germination and vigor tests. A field experiment was conducted, where the seeds of each lot were sown in in the field to evaluate seedling emergence at 10 and 14 days, the length of the shoot and root at 30, 45 and 60 days after sowing, the crop growth rate, commercial, non-commercial and commercial total roots yield. Seed vigor significantly affected the seedling emergence and development of carrot plants in the field. The less vigorous lot showed lower final emergence than the most vigorous lots and these negative vigor effects extended to the most advanced stages of plant development. Carrot seed vigor affects seedling emergence and plant growth in the field. Vigorous seeds causes greater emergence, plant height and plant dry matter during the vegetative phase. The use of less vigorous seeds causes yield losses of up to 27%.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Gisela Hélnia Nunes Chipenete, Universidade Federal de Viçosa

Departamento de Agronomia

Denise Cunha Fernandes dos Santos Dias, Universidade Federal de Viçosa

Departamento de Agronomia

Daniel Teixeira Pinheiro, Universidade Federal de Viçosa

Departamento de Agronomia

Laércio Junio da Silva, Universidade Federal de Viçosa

Departamento de Agronomia

Dalcionei Pazzin, Universidade Federal de Viçosa

Departamento de Agronomia

Aparecida Leonir da Silva, Universidade Federal de Viçosa

Departamento de Biologia Vegetal

References

ABATI, J.; BRZEZINSKI, C. R.; ZUCARELI, C.; FOLONI, J. S. S.; HENNING, F. A. Growth and yield of wheat in response to seed vigor and sowing densities. Revista Caatinga, v.31, n.4, p.891-899, 2018. 10.1590/1983-21252018v31n411rc.

AOSA. Seed vigor testing handbook. Contribution no. 32. Ithaca-NY: Association of Official Seed Analysts. 2009.

AQUINO, L. A.; DEZORDI, L. R.; CLEMENTE, J. M. Nutrição, calagem e adubação. In: NICK, C.; BORÉM, A. (Org.). Cenoura: do plantio a colheita. Viçosa-MG: Editora UFV, 2016. v.1, p.42-65.

BALABUSTA, M.; SZAFRAŃSKA, K.; POSMYK, M. M. Exogenous melatonin improves antioxidant defense in cucumber seeds (Cucumis sativus L.) germinated under chilling stress. Frontiers in Plant Science, v.7, p.575, 2016. 10.3389/fpls.2016.00575.

BRASIL. Regras para Análise de Sementes. Brasília: Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento. 2009. 395p. Available in: <https://www.abrates.org.br/files/regras_analise_de_sementes.pdf.>

CAVERZAN, A.; GIACOMIN, R.; MÜLLER, M.; BIAZUS, C.; LÂNGARO, N. C.; CHAVARRIA, G. How does seed vigor affect soybean yield components?. Agronomy Journal, v.110, n.4, p.1318-1327, 2018. 10.2134/agronj2017.11.0670.

CEAGESP. Normas de classificação de cenoura (Daucus carota L.). Brasília, DF. 2015. 5p.

DIAS, M. A.; LOPES, J. C.; GUIMARÃES, G. A. M.; DE SOUZA NETO, J. D.; DE OLIVEIRA BERNARDES, C. Carrot seed germination in different conditions of salinity and temperature. Idesia, v.33, n.4, p.41-46, 2015.

ELLISON, S. L.; LUBY, C. H.; CORAK, K. E.; COE, K. M.; SENALIK, D.; IORIZZO, M.; GOLDMAN, I. L.; SIMON, P. W.; DAWSON, J. C. (2018). Carotenoid presence is associated with the or gene in domesticated carrot. Genetics, v.210, n.4, p.1497-1508, 2018. 10.1534/genetics.118.301299

EMBRAPA. The history of the carrot. Brasília, DF: EMBRAPA. 2020. Available in: <https://www.embrapa.br/busca-de-noticias/-/noticia/49845405/a-historia-da-cenoura>.

FINCH-SAVAGE, W. E.; BASSEL. G. W. Seed vigour and crop establishment: Extending performance beyond adaptation. Journal of Experimental Botany, v.67, n.3, p.567–591. 2016. 10.1093/jxb/erv490.

JAFARI, F.; KHODAIYAN, F.; KIANI, H.; HOSSEINI, S. S. Pectin from carrot pomace: Optimization of extraction and physicochemical properties. Carbohydrate polymers, v.157, n.2017, p.1315-1322, 2017. 10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.11.013

KOLCHINSKI, E. M.; SCHUCH, L. O. B.; PESKE, S. T. Early growth of soybean plants in relation to seeds vigor. Revista Brasileira de Agrociência, v.12, n.2, p.163–166, 2006. 10.18539/cast.v12i2.4513

KRZYZANOWSKI, F. C.; FRANÇA-NETO, J. B.; GOMES-JUNIOR, F. G.; NAKAGAWA, J. Vigor tests based in seedling performance. In Krzyzanowski, F. C.; Vieira, R. D.; França-Neto, J. B.; Marcos-Filho, J. (Org). Seed vigor: concepts and tests. Londrina-PR: ABRATES, 2020. p. 77-138.

KRZYZANOWSKI, F. C.; MARCOS-FILHO, J. Controled deterioration. In Krzyzanowski, F. C.; Vieira, R. D.; França-Neto, J. B.; Marcos-Filho, J. (Org). Seed vigor: concepts and tests. Londrina-PR: ABRATES, 2020. p. 245-275.

LING, L.; JIAFENG, J.; JIANGANG, L.; MINCHONG, S.; XIN, H.; HANLIANG, S.; YUANHUA, D. Effects of cold plasma treatment on seed germination and seedling growth of soybean. Scientific Reports, v.4, n.2014, p.5859. 2014. 10.1038/srep05859

MAGUIRE, J. D. Speed of germination - Aid in selection and evaluation for seedling emergence and vigor. Crop Science, v.2, n.2, p.176, 1962. 10.2135/cropsci1962.0011183X000200020033x.

MARCHI, J. L. D.; CICERO, S. M. Use of the software Seed Vigor Imaging System (SVIS®) for assessing vigor of carrot seeds. Scientia Agricola, v.74, n.6, p.469-473, 2017. 10.1590/1678-992x-2016-0220.

MATOS, F. A. C.; LOPES, H. R. D.; DIAS, R. L.; ALVES, R. T. Carrot: Learn how to grow vegetables to sow good business. Brasília: DF: SEBRAE, 2011. 28 p.

MONDO, V. H. V.; CICERO, S. M.; NETO, D. D.; PUPIM, T. L.; DIAS, M. A. N. Maize seed vigor and plant performance. Revista Brasileira de Sementes, v.34, n.1, p.143–155, 2012.

NASCIMENTO, W. M.; DIAS, D. C. F. S.; SILVA, P. P. Seed quality and stablishment of vegetable plants in the field. In Nascimento, W. M. (Org.). Seed technology and production of vegetables. Brasília-DF: Embrapa Hortaliças, 2011. p.79–106.

NONOGAKI, H.; NISHIYAMA, E.; OHSHIMA, K.; NONOGAKI, M. Ancient Memories of Seeds: ABA-Dependent Growth Arrest and Reserve Accumulation. Trends in Genetics, v.36, n.7, p.464-473, 2020. 10.1016/j.tig.2020.04.009.

OLIVEIRA, D. F. A.; MELO, S. M. B.; AVELINO, A. P.; MACÊDO, C. E. C.; PACHECO, M. V.; VOIGT, E. L. The deterioration of Moringa oleifera Lam. seeds in the course of storage involves reserve degradation. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, v.39, n.12, p.269, 2017. 10.1007/s11738-017-2572-9.

PINHEIRO, D. T.; DIAS, D. C. F. S.; ARAÚJO, J. O. Germination of melon seeds under water and thermal stress. Journal of Seed Science, v.39, n.4, p.440-447, 2017. 10.1590/2317-1545v39n4188530.

QUE, F.; HOU, X. L.; WANG, G. L.; XU, Z. S.; TAN, G. F.; LI, T.; WANG, Y. H.; KHADR, A.; XIONG, A. S. Advances in research on the carrot, an important root vegetable in the Apiaceae family. Horticulture Research, v.6, n.1, p.1-15, 2019. 10.1038/s41438-019-0150-6

R CORE TEAM. R Development Core Team. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing, 2020.

RODO, A. B.; MARCOS FILHO, J. On¬ion seed vigor in relation to plant growth and yield. Horticultura Brasileira, v.21, n.2, p.220-226, 2003.

SHARMA, H. K. Carrots Production, Processing, and Nutritional Quality. In Siddiqui, M.; Uebersax, M. A. Handbook of Vegetables and Vegetable Processing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2018. p.589–608). 10.1002/9781119098935.ch25.

SHARMA, S.; KUMAR, R.; CHATTERJEE, S.; SHARMA, H. R. Correlation and path analysis studies for yield and its attributes in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). International Journal of Chemical Studies, v.6, n.2, p.2045-2048, 2018.

SILVA, P. P. D.; BARROS, A. C. S. A.; MARCOS-FILHO, J.; GOMES-JUNIOR, F. G.; NASCIMENTO, W. M. Assessment of squash seed vigor using computerized image analysis. Journal of Seed Science, v.39, n.2, p.159-165, 2017. 10.1590/2317-1545v39n2171177.

SINGH, P. K.; PANDITA, V. K.; TOMAR, B. S.; SETH, R. Use of seed vigour tests to predict seedling emergence of carrot. Indian Journal of Horticulture, v.71, n.4, p.516–521. 2014.

STOLÁRIK, T.; HENSELOVÁ, M.; MARTINKA, M.; NOVÁK, O.; ZAHORANOVÁ, A.; CERNÁK, M. Effect of low-temperature plasma on the structure of seeds, growth and metabolism of endogenous phytohormones in pea (Pisum sativum L.). Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing, v.35, n.4, p.659–676, 2015. 10.1007/s11090-015-9627-8.

TEKRONY, D. M.; EGLI, D. B. Relationship of Seed Vigor to Crop Yield: A Review. Crop Science, v.31, n.3, p.816-822, 1991. 10.2135/cropsci1991.0011183X003100030054x.

WANG, Y.; CUI, Y.; HU, G.; WANG, X.; CHEN, H.; SHI, Q.; XINAG, J.; ZHANG, Y.; ZHU, D.; ZHANG, Y. Reduced bioactive gibberellin content in rice seeds under low temperature leads to decreased sugar consumption and low seed germination rates. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, v.133, p.1-10, 2018. 10.1016/j.plaphy.2018.10.020.

ZAHORANOVÁ, A.; HENSELOVÁ, M.; HUDECOVÁ, D.; KALINÁKOVÁ, B.; KOVACIK, D.; MEDVECKÁ, V.;CERNÁK, M. Effect of cold atmospheric pressure plasma on the wheat seedlings vigor and on the inactivation of microorganisms on the seeds surface. Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing, v.36, n.2, p.397–414, 2016. 10.1007/s11090-015-9684-z.

Carrot seeds vigor on plant performance and crop yield

Downloads

Published

01-01-2021

How to Cite

CHIPENETE, G. H. N.; DIAS, D. C. F. dos S.; PINHEIRO, D. T.; SILVA, L. J. da; PAZZIN, D.; DA SILVA, A. L. Carrot seeds vigor on plant performance and crop yield. Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável, [S. l.], v. 16, n. 1, p. 01–08, 2021. DOI: 10.18378/rvads.v16i1.8291. Disponível em: https://www.gvaa.com.br/revista/index.php/RVADS/article/view/8291. Acesso em: 25 may. 2024.

Issue

Section

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES